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However, many cities in Europe still held onto the planned Roman city center.Cities in Europe from the 9th to 14th centuries, often grew organically and sometimes chaotically.Urban planning is considered an interdisciplinary field that includes social engineering and design sciences.
Archeologists studying the ruins of cities in these areas find paved streets that were laid out at right angles in a grid pattern.
The following century would therefore be globally dominated by a central planning approach to urban planning, not necessarily representing an increment in the overall quality of the urban realm.
If anything, the new paradigm of highly regulated land-use forced the poorer urban class into informal settlements and slums.
Although predominantly concerned with the planning of settlements and communities, urban planning is also responsible for the planning and development of water use and resources, rural and agricultural land, parks and conserving areas of natural environmental significance.
Practitioners of urban planning are concerned with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management.